This review will first define the difference between open pit mines and quarries. It will then cover the details on open pit mining methods, design aspects, and gives an example of an open pit mine. In the latter half, quarrying is covered with more focus on the sequence of mining in a quarry. Its characteristics, mining machinery involved, and publications are also mentioned. Finally, a few more topics are covered which include computer codes, laws, and codes of practice. Publications, organizations, and a list of companies supplying to the quarrying industry are also given.